Here, we introduce the client and family to the possibility of permanently rewiring their brains, letting go of cravings and fears of relapse, and being able to live a normal life. For many clients, especially those who have relapsed repeatedly, this may provide the first genuine hope of long-term recovery they have ever felt. Clients who see the possibility for change can also tap into a sense of empowerment. These positive feelings, in themselves, promote healing and rebuilding of neural pathways in the brain. For this reason, we repeatedly emphasize this part of the work. We can remind clients of the positive steps they are taking every day, when they interact with others, attend meetings or other support groups, and socialize with others.